Best Practices in Cyber Security
The use of internet and digital devices are increasing day-by-day in this age of globalization. As the technology gets advanced, we need to be extra vigilant on its safety. There should be a great awareness among the public on what security do we have to guard all our virtual activities and, how can we obtain it. Cyber security, in broad terms, is the protection of digital devices, networks, programs and data from dangerous threats like viruses, malware and hacking. The application of technologies, processes and controls are used in the process to reduce the cyber attacks and unauthorized exploitation. Both public and private sectors are getting digitalized to a great extend nowadays. Online platforms and tools are used for all the governance and administration. Therefore, it’s crucial to safeguard these for our survival. We have several cyber security measures to fight threats against network systems and applications. The most important ones are as follows:
Critical Infrastructure Cyber Security
Critical Infrastructure Cyber Security has a great significance as it protects the systems, networks and services that are essential to the society and economy. This is a vulnerable grid as it’s prone to cyber attacks by “hacktivists” or terrorists. Major Critical infrastructure sectors are, defence and national security, banking and finance, health, water, food and grocery, communications, energy, data and cloud, transport, space, education, research and innovations.
It’s a broad term denoting a set of rules and configurations designed to safeguard the network and operating systems. Network security is used in both software and hardware technologies. Every organization must have certain network security measures to protect their data and services from malicious cyber attacks. There are three different controls for network security: physical, technical and administrative. Various types of network security controls are, Network Access Control, Antivirus and Antimalware Software, Firewall Protection and Virtual Private Networks.
Cloud security is the protections of digital assets stored online through web hosting and cloud computing platforms. We can avoid the theft, leakage and deletion of our data by doing this. Cloud security is a shared agreement between the customer and service provider. Two-factor authorization (2FA), the use of VPNs, security tokens, data encryptions and firewall services are some of the major cloud security measures to protect data.
IoT (Internet of Things) Security
The connectivity of smart devices to the internet without human intervention is called Internet of Things (IoT). Some of the IoT devices are watches, smart fire alarms, lights, thermostats, etc. As we are allowing devices to connect to the internet, it has a chance of having serious dangers and vulnerabilities if not properly protected. There are many IoT security measures through which we can identify, monitor and fix the problems in the select area. They are: Introducing IoT security during the design phase, PKI and digital certificates, Network security and API security.
Every application has to be protected by developing, adding and testing security features within applications. Threats like unauthorized access and modification can be prevented using these measures. Hacking is more common in the applications these days. Securing our applications in its operational level can protect many malpractices. Various types of application security features include Authentication, Authorization, Encryption, Logging and Application security testing.
It is very important to get the end-users educated on the security attacks and protection in the cyber platforms. The end-users are often targeted by the cyber criminals. It happens mostly in financial transactions and can be through mobile devices or home networks. We get a lot of links requesting to open it for a surprise. When we click on it, there is a high chance of downloading malware unknowingly. Once it has been downloaded, it provides access to criminals to the user’s device and every action in it. The users must thoroughly study the cyber laws and punishments. Many methods like awareness programs, leadership, notifying end users of policy violations, proactive spear phishing, can be used to educate the users.
Other practices in cyber security are Information security, Operational security, Storage security, Disaster recovery and Business continuity planning.
Top Cyber Security Service in Dubai
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